1. “ In 1949 SMOM published an Official General Roll of the Grand Magistery with a preface by Pius XII which referred to „The ancient laurels collected on the battle-fronts“ of earlier wars. As noted above, among only four recipients of the Order’s Gran Croci al Merito con Placca at the time was Reinhard Gehlen, Hitler’s Chief of Intelligence on the Eastern Front, who received the award November 17, 1948. …
By this time Reinhard Gehlen’s brother had already been in Rome serving as the Secretary to Thun Hohenstein. Conveniently for Reinhard, who was negotiating with the U.S. for the preservation of his Nazi colleagues, Thun Hohenstein was Chairman of one of SMOM’s grand magistral charities, the Institute for Associated Emigrations, and had arranged for two thousand SMOM passports to be printed for political refugees. „
„All studies [of the post-WWII Nazi networks] have shown the determining role played by the [Roman] Catholic Church in the flight of war criminals.“
2. wikipedia: Francesco Pacelli, the older brother of Eugenio Pacelli the future Pope Pius XII was born in Rome on February 1, 1872. He died in Rome on April 22, 1935. He was a prominent Vatican lawyer, who was appointed legal advisor of Pope Pius XI. …. Francesco Pacelli was dean of the lawyers of the Rota and legal advisor to Pope Pius XI.In this role, he was instrumental in negotiating the Lateran Treaty in 1929 for Pope Pius XI on behalf of Cardinal Secretary Pietro Gasparri , which reaffirmed the independence of the Papacy with the formation of Vatican City as a souvern entity.